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The Mistral-class helicopter carrier Vladivostok is seen at the STX Les Chantiers de l’Atlantique shipyard site in Saint-Nazaire, western France, April 24, 2014.
Speaking on the eve of an E.U. meeting to discuss sanctions on Moscow over the downing of a civilian airliner over Ukraine, Hollande said late on Monday the first Mistral warship would be delivered as planned in October but a decision on a second would depend on Russia’s attitude.
It was the clearest signal yet from Paris that it intended to go through with the controversial deal despite the Ukraine crisis and came only hours after British Prime Minister David Cameron said it would be “unthinkable” for his country to fulfill such an order.
The $1.62 billion contract for the two warships, signed by ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy’s conservative government in 2011, was the first by a NATO member country to supply Russia with military equipment.
The New York Times has noted that the deal would “augment the Russian military’s capabilities against the very nations that now appear to be most vulnerable to the Kremlin’s pressure.”
Some 400 Russian sailors arrived in France on June 30 to begin training on the first Mistral. They are being housed aboard a Russian ship docked in the port of Saint-Nazaire.
U.S. President Barack Obama expressed concerns about the Mistral contract in June because of Russia’s support for separatists in eastern Ukraine. A senior U.S. administration official said on Monday that Washington continued to oppose the deliveries.
“Just because the Americans say ‘jump’ we shouldn’t jump,” Xavier Bertrand, a former minister under Sarkozy and senior member of his conservative opposition UMP party, told France Inter radio. “France’s word, its signature, must be respected.”
The wrangling over the warships also highlights the difficulties the 28-member E.U. has had in agreeing on a joint line for dealing with Russia, a major gas supplier to countries such as Germany and Italy, as well as to central Europe.
“Hollande is not backing down. He is delivering the first (ship) despite the fact he is being asked not to,” Jean-Christophe Cambadelis, head of Hollande’s ruling Socialist Party, told Tele television on Tuesday. “This is a false debate led by hypocrites … When you see how many (Russian) oligarchs have sought refuge in London, David Cameron should start by cleaning up his own backyard.”
The E.U. can’t agree on imposing tough sanctions on Russia over its destabilizing actions in Ukraine as Russian natural gas powers E.U. homes and business while Russian oligarchs park their money in U.K. banks.
Nick Witney, a defense analyst with the European Council on Foreign Relations, told The Wall Street Journal in June that the dispute over the sale illustrated “how Europe’s reliance on Russian resources risks unraveling strategic alliances that helped the West win the Cold War.”
While pressure for tougher action has mounted following the shooting down last week of a Malaysia Airlines plane in an area of eastern Ukraine controlled by the separatists, E.U. foreign ministers were not expected to deepen sanctions significantly on Tuesday.
Diplomats said it was more likely they would agree to hasten implementation of measures already agreed against Russian individuals at their meeting in Brussels.
(Reporting by Yann Le Guernigou; Writing by Mark John; Editing by Paul Taylor)